Sleep quality among inpatients of Spanish public hospitals8 min read
Cirelli, C. & Tononi, G. Is sleep essential?. PLoS Biol. 6, e216 (2008).
Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F. 3rd., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R. & Kupfer, D. J. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 28, 193–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-1781(89)90047-4 (1989).
DiNuzzo, M., Mangia, S. & Giove, F. Manipulations of sleep-like slow-wave activity by noninvasive brain stimulation. J. Neurosci. Res. 100, 1218–1225. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.25029 (2022).
Irwin, M. R. Why sleep is important for health: a psychoneuroimmunology perspective. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 66, 143–172. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115205 (2015).
Tobaldini, E. et al. Sleep, sleep deprivation, autonomic nervous system and cardiovascular diseases. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 74, 321–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.07.004 (2017).
Chen, Y. et al. Sleep duration and the risk of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis including dose-response relationship. BMC Cancer 18, 1149. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5025-y (2018).
Lee, S. W. H., Ng, K. Y. & Chin, W. K. The impact of sleep amount and sleep quality on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med. Rev. 31, 91–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2016.02.001 (2017).
Kwok, C. S. et al. Self-reported sleep duration and quality and cardiovascular disease and mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis. J Am Heart Assoc 7, e008552. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008552 (2018).
Sindi, S. et al. Sleep disturbances and the speed of multimorbidity development in old age: results from a longitudinal population-based study. BMC Med. 18, 382. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-01846-w (2020).
Besedovsky, L., Lange, T. & Born, J. Sleep and immune function. Pflugers Arch. 463, 121–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-011-1044-0 (2012).
Bryant, P. A., Trinder, J. & Curtis, N. Sick and tired: does sleep have a vital role in the immune system?. Nat. Rev. Immunol. 4, 457–467. https://doi.org/10.1038/nri1369 (2004).
Fu, L. et al. The relationship between sleep duration, falls, and muscle mass: a cohort study in an elderly chinese population. Rejuvenation Res 22, 390–398. https://doi.org/10.1089/rej.2018.2102 (2019).
Zambelli, Z., Halstead, E. J., Fidalgo, A. R. & Dimitriou, D. Good sleep quality improves the relationship between pain and depression among individuals with chronic pain. Front. Psychol. 12, 668930. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.668930 (2021).
Firth, J. et al. A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. World Psychiatry 19, 360–380. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20773 (2020).
Doi, Y., Minowa, M., Okawa, M. & Uchiyama, M. Prevalence of sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use in relation to sociodemographic factors in the general Japanese adult population. J Epidemiol 10, 79–86. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.10.79 (2000).
Grossman, M. N. et al. Awakenings? Patient and hospital staff perceptions of nighttime disruptions and their effect on patient sleep. J Clin Sleep Med 13, 301–306. https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.6468 (2017).
Humphries, J. D. Sleep disruption in hospitalized adults. Medsurg Nurs 17, 391–395 (2008).
Reid, E. Factors affecting how patients sleep in the hospital environment. Br J Nurs 10, 912–915. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2001.10.14.5278 (2001).
Jehan, S. et al. Sleep health disparity: the putative role of race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Sleep Med Disord 2, 127–133 (2018).
Delaney, L. J., Currie, M. J., Huang, H. C., Lopez, V. & Van Haren, F. “They can rest at home”: an observational study of patients’ quality of sleep in an Australian hospital. BMC Health Serv. Res. 18, 524. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3201-z (2018).
Jakobsen, G. et al. Sleep quality in hospitalized patients with advanced cancer: an observational study using self-reports of sleep and actigraphy. Support. Care Cancer 28, 2015–2023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04998-5 (2020).
Lei, Z. et al. Sleep quality and sleep disturbing factors of inpatients in a Chinese general hospital. J. Clin. Nurs. 18, 2521–2529. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.02846.x (2009).
Wesselius, H. M. et al. Quality and quantity of sleep and factors associated with sleep disturbance in hospitalized patients. JAMA Intern Med 178, 1201–1208. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.2669 (2018).
Altman, M. T., Knauert, M. P. & Pisani, M. A. Sleep disturbance after hospitalization and critical illness: a systematic review. Ann Am Thorac Soc 14, 1457–1468. https://doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201702-148SR (2017).
Maas, M. B. et al. Factors disrupting melatonin secretion rhythms during critical illness. Crit Care Med 48, 854–861. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000004333 (2020).
Venkateshiah, S. B. & Collop, N. A. Sleep and sleep disorders in the hospital. Chest 141, 1337–1345. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.11-2591 (2012).
Gay, P. C. Sleep and sleep-disordered breathing in the hospitalized patient. Respir Care 55, 1240–1254 (2010).
Shear, T. C. et al. Risk of sleep apnea in hospitalized older patients. J Clin Sleep Med 10, 1061–1066. https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.4098 (2014).
Honarmand, K. et al. A systematic review of risk factors for sleep disruption in critically ill adults. Crit. Care Med. 48, 1066–1074. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000004405 (2020).
Hillman, D. R. Sleep Loss in the hospitalized patient and its influence on recovery from illness and operation. Anesth. Analg. 132, 1314–1320. https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000005323 (2021).
Sueñon. Sueñon, https://suenon.recursosencuidados.es (2019).
Johnston, M. C., Crilly, M., Black, C., Prescott, G. J. & Mercer, S. W. Defining and measuring multimorbidity: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Eur. J. Public Health 29, 182–189. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky098 (2019).
Craig, C. L. et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 35, 1381–1395. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.Mss.0000078924.61453.Fb (2003).
Hita-Contreras, F. et al. Reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in patients with fibromyalgia. Rheumatol. Int. 34, 929–936. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-014-2960-z (2014).
Harris, P. A. et al. Research electronic data capture (REDCap)–a metadata-driven methodology and workflow process for providing translational research informatics support. J. Biomed. Inform. 42, 377–381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2008.08.010 (2009).
Redeker, N. S. & McEnany, G. P. Sleep disorders and sleep promotion in nursing practice. (Springer Publishing Company, 2011).
Sendir, M., Acaroglu, R., Kaya, H., Erol, S. & Akkaya, Y. Evaluation of quality of sleep and effecting factors in hospitalized neurosurgical patients. Neurosciences (Riyadh) 12, 226–231 (2007).
Azizoglu Sen, I. et al. Sleep quality and sleep-disturbing factors of geriatric inpatients. Eur. Geriatr. Med. 12, 133–141, doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s41999-020-00400-4 (2021).
Dogan, O., Ertekin, S. & Dogan, S. Sleep quality in hospitalized patients. J. Clin. Nurs. 14, 107–113. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01011.x (2005).
Norra, C. et al. Poor sleep quality is associated with depressive symptoms in patients with heart disease. Int. J. Behav. Med. 19, 526–534. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-011-9205-2 (2012).
Dobing, S., Frolova, N., McAlister, F. & Ringrose, J. Sleep quality and factors influencing self-reported sleep duration and quality in the general internal medicine inpatient population. PLoS ONE 11, e0156735. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156735 (2016).
Yilmaz, M., Sayin, Y. & Gurler, H. Sleep quality of hospitalized patients in surgical units. Nurs. Forum 47, 183–192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2012.00268.x (2012).
Ilin, I., Tesler, N. & Kalinina, O. Evolution of medical architecture. MATEC Web of Conferences 170. doi:https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201817003015 (2018).
Baron, K. G. et al. Behavioral interventions to extend sleep duration: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med. Rev. 60, 101532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2021.101532 (2021).
Madrid-Valero, J. J., Sánchez-Romera, J. F., Gregory, A. M., Martínez-Selva, J. M. & Ordoñana, J. R. Heritability of sleep quality in a middle-aged twin sample from Spain. Sleep 41, zsy110 (2018).
Targa, A. D. S. et al. Decrease in sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak. Sleep Breath 25, 1055–1061. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02202-1 (2021).
van den Ende, E. S. et al. Hospitalized COVID-19 patients were five times more likely to suffer from total sleep deprivation compared to non-covid-19 patients; an observational comparative study. Front Neurosci 15, 680932. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2021.680932 (2021).
Maestro-Gonzalez, A., Sanchez-Zaballos, M., Mosteiro-Diaz, M. P. & Zuazua-Rico, D. Quality of sleep among social media users during the lockdown period due to COVID-19 in Spain. Sleep Med. 80, 210–215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2021.01.050 (2021).
Altena, E. et al. Dealing with sleep problems during home confinement due to the COVID-19 outbreak: Practical recommendations from a task force of the European CBT-I Academy. J. Sleep Res. 29, e13052. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13052 (2020).
Sher, L. COVID-19, anxiety, sleep disturbances and suicide. Sleep Med. 70, 124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.04.019 (2020).
Alvaro, P. K., Roberts, R. M. & Harris, J. K. A systematic review assessing bidirectionality between sleep disturbances, anxiety, and depression. Sleep 36, 1059–1068. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.2810 (2013).
Yang, P. L., Huang, G. S., Tsai, C. S. & Lou, M. F. Sleep quality and emotional correlates in Taiwanese coronary artery bypass graft patients 1 week and 1 month after hospital discharge: a repeated descriptive correlational study. PLoS ONE 10, e0136431. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136431 (2015).
Akerstedt, T. Psychosocial stress and impaired sleep. Scand. J. Work. Environ. Health 32, 493–501. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.1054 (2006).
Cellini, N., Canale, N., Mioni, G. & Costa, S. Changes in sleep pattern, sense of time and digital media use during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy. J. Sleep Res. 29, e13074. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13074 (2020).
Nicholls, M. COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease. Eur. Heart J. 41, 2727–2729. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa567 (2020).
Gulia, K. K. & Kumar, V. M. Sleep disorders in the elderly: a growing challenge. Psychogeriatrics 18, 155–165. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12319 (2018).
Flecha Garcia, C. Education in Spain: close-up of is history in the 20th century. Anal. Rep. Int. Educ. 1, 17–42. https://doi.org/10.3890/1542-3882-4-2 (2011).
Kravitz, H. M., Kazlauskaite, R. & Joffe, H. Sleep, health, and metabolism in midlife women and menopause: food for thought. Obstet. Gynecol. Clin. North Am. 45, 679–694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogc.2018.07.008 (2018).
DeSantis, A. S. et al. A preliminary study of a composite sleep health score: associations with psychological distress, body mass index, and physical functioning in a low-income African American community. Sleep Health 5, 514–520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2019.05.001 (2019).
Gothe, N. P. et al. Physical activity, sleep and quality of life in older adults: influence of physical, mental and social well-being. Behav. Sleep Med. 18, 797–808. https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2019.1690493 (2020).
Torres-Bondia, F. et al. Trends in the consumption rates of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related drugs in the health region of Lleida from 2002 to 2015. BMC Public Health 20, 818. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08984-z (2020).
Beland, S. G. et al. Benzodiazepine use and quality of sleep in the community-dwelling elderly population. Aging Ment. Health 14, 843–850. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607861003781833 (2010).
Holbrook, A. M., Crowther, R., Lotter, A., Cheng, C. & King, D. Meta-analysis of benzodiazepine use in the treatment of insomnia. CMAJ 162, 225–233 (2000).
Marron, L., Segurado, R., Kenny, R. A. & McNicholas, T. The association between benzodiazepine use and falls, and the impact of sleep quality on this association: data from the TILDA study. QJM 113, 31–36. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcz217 (2020).
Bellon, F. et al. Effects of nursing interventions to improve inpatients’ sleep in intensive and non-intensive care units: findings from an umbrella review. J. Clin. Nurs. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.16251 (2022).
Gellerstedt, L., Rydell Karlsson, M., Medin, J. & Kumlin, M. Patients’ self-assessed sleep as a nursing tool during hospital care: a pilot study. Nordic J. Nurs. Res. 40, 123–129, doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/2057158520913227 (2020).
Enders, C. K. Using the expectation maximization algorithm to estimate coefficient alpha for scales with item-level missing data. Psychol. Methods 8, 322–337. https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.8.3.322 (2003).